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understanding forex rollover

Understanding Forex Rollover Rates: A Guide for Traders

Understanding Forex Rollover Rates: A Guide for Traders – Forex rollover rates, also known as overnight swap rates, can have a significant impact on the profitability of forex trades. In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive guide to forex rollover rates, including what they are, how they work, and the factors that affect them.

What is Forex Rollover?

Forex rollover is the interest paid or earned for holding a position overnight in the forex market. Since forex trades are settled two business days after the trade is executed, traders are essentially borrowing one currency and lending another. The interest paid or earned is based on the difference between the interest rates of the two currencies.

How Does Forex Rollover Work?

Forex rollover is calculated based on the notional value of the trade, which is the total value of the trade without taking into account leverage. The rollover rate is typically expressed as an annual percentage rate (APR) and is either added or subtracted from the trader’s account depending on the direction of the trade.

For example, if a trader buys EUR/USD and holds the position overnight, they are essentially borrowing USD and lending EUR. If the interest rate on USD is higher than the interest rate on EUR, the trader will receive a credit to their account. If the interest rate on dollars is higher than the interest rate on yen, the trader will be charged a fee.

Factors That Affect Forex Rollover Rates

Several factors can affect forex rollover rates, including:

  • Interest rates: The interest rate differential between the two currencies in the trade is the primary factor that affects rollover rates. Central bank policies, economic data, and geopolitical events can all impact interest rates.
  • Market conditions: Volatility, liquidity, and market sentiment can also impact rollover rates. During times of market stress, rollover rates may be higher as traders seek safe-haven currencies.
  • Currency pair: Different currency pairs have different rollover rates, depending on the interest rate differential.
  • Time of day: Rollover rates are typically calculated at 5 pm Eastern Standard Time (EST), which is the end of the trading day in New York.


Managing Forex Rollover Rates

Traders can manage forex rollover rates by:

  • Understanding the rollover rates for the currency pairs they trade and factoring them into their trading strategy.
  • Adjusting their position size to account for the potential impact of rollover rates on their trades.
  • Choosing a broker that offers competitive rollover rates and transparent reporting.


Forex rollover rates can have a significant impact on the profitability of forex trades, but they are often overlooked by traders. By understanding how rollover rates work and the factors that affect them, traders can make informed forex trading decisions and manage their trades more effectively.

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